Educational Systems of a particular Spanish-speaking Country
In this essay we are going to discuss about Educational System of Spanish Speaking Country.
The Spanish education system has four phases and two are necessary:
- Nursery and preschool (optional)
- Primary (compulsory)
- Compulsory secondary education
- Upper secondary education (optional)
The Spanish high school Baccalaureate is non-compulsory allowed education that contains of one cycle in two abstract years for scholars age 16-18. The Spanish Baccalaureate contains of a sequence of compulsory mutual classes, elective classes and specialization classes known as “modalidades”. A student must specify in one of the obtainable corrections and if the student’s strategy to endure on to university, sure attentions may be required in order to be known into sure university programs.
Compulsory classes of the Spanish Baccalaureate contain 2 years of both Castilian dialectal and prose and external language, and 1 year of philosophy and civic accountability, physical education, modern science, history of philosophy and the history of Spain.
In Optional courses include: a second foreign language, information technology, dance, art, cinema, music, or other lessons liable on the school.
The Spanish Private schools impart a variety of programs, counting the British GCSE and A Level inspections, the American High School Diploma and college entry examinations, attainment tests and AP, the International Baccalaureate (IB) and the Spanish bachillerato. These deliver the chance for kids to become completely bilingual and to choose between a Spanish and English-language university and profession. To obtain state grants and receive Spanish scholars, 25 per cent of a school’s full number of scholars must be Spanish and at least 20 per cent in separately class.
Private school dues vary noticeably giving to, amongst other belongings, the excellence, standing and position of a school, but are normally low associated with those of private schools in North Europe and North America. Not surprisingly, schools in Madrid and Barcelona are amongst the most luxurious. Fees don’t typically comprise registration, books, resources, washing, cover, extra-curricular activities, trips, mealtimes and conveyance. Most private schools pledge to insurance schemes cover chances, in school and throughout school-sponsored doings. Some schools prize scholarships with low profits.
The specialization part of the Spanish high school Baccalaureate requires a student choose one of 4 concentrations for which they will be required to take 3-4 classes a year. Each concentration has obligatory classes and other Arts: The arts discipline is divided into two concentrations: art, image and design; or performing arts, music and dance.
Science and Technology: math, biology, physics, chemistry, geology, technical drawing, etc.
Humanities and Social Sciences: applied math, economics, Latin, Greek, contemporary history, geography, art history, business economics, etc. classes from which to choose from.
Spanish University degrees are usually four years long, with the exception of medicine degrees and some others which are 6 years long. By 2010, in accordance with the European Commission of Education and Training, Spanish higher education will consist of: Bachelor degrees (Grado) for four year programs, Master degrees for 2 year post-graduate programs, and Doctorates for post-masters education.
There are many internationally recognized Spanish universities such as Completeness University of Madrid, the University of Barcelona, the University of Seville, The University of Granada and the University of Valencia, among many others. Other historically important and reputable Spanish universities include the University of Salamanca and the University of Alcala. Those who have passed the Bachillerato with acceptable marks and who want to go on to university take an entrance exam in June. There are state universities throughout Spain that provide ‘degrees’ (diplomaturas) and professional qualifications (licenciaturas) and post degree education.
Since 2006, Spain has implemented structural changes in its university system in accord with the Bologna Process, which ensures comparability in standards with the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Now, universities in Spain can either issue official degrees or non-official degrees.
Official degrees are adapted to the EHEA and therefore have validity in any country within the EHEA. Official degrees also have wider global recognition in countries outside of Europe, especially in Latin America and Asia. Official degrees are divided into three stages: Bachelor’s degrees (Grado), Masters degrees (Posgrado), Doctoral degree or PhD (Doctorado)
Private schooling is paid for with a monthly, termly or yearly fee. Most subsidized private schools run on a Spanish curriculum, however some international or bilingual schools are also subsidized on the condition that at least 25% of their pupils are Spanish. Fees at subsidized private schools generally have much cheaper fees than the purely private schools. Also, some schools offer scholarships to help parents pay for fees.
The majority of public and private schools in Spain are co-educational and operate on a Monday to Friday timetable.
State education is free of charge in Spain from preschool to 18 years, although in some regions parents may be asked to pay for books, other materials and extra-curricular activities. Financial help may be available in some cases
In USA not taught in public schools but in Spain Taught in public school, with option for parent to choose if student attends that topic.
In USA: More school sponsored activities, curricula, and equipment.
In Spain: Fewer activities and classes. School infrastructure is more dated. Class environments are more barren (lack of posters, in-class activity stations, etc.). Lack of heating and air conditioning.
In Spain: Religion taught in public school, with option for parent to choose if student attends that topic.
In USA: Religion not taught in public schools.
In Spain: Kids bring their own snack, no cafeteria.
In USA: Cafeteria located in school and kids can buy lunch.